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Cashmere,Global cashmere market,Affordable luxury,COVID-19 impact,Sustainable cashmere

Threads of Transformation: The Cashmere Industry at the Crossroads

Cashmere, a wool originating from the region of the same name in the Indian subcontinent during the 15th century, holds a significant presence. Sajjad Hussain / AFP

According to a report released by the market research and consulting firm Grand View Research in 2019, the global cashmere market in the apparel sector, which reached $26.6 billion in 2018, is predicted to grow at an annual rate of approximately 3.96% from 2019 to 2025.

The surge in demand is associated with the essential characteristics of Kashmir wool produced in the region spanning Pakistan, India, and China during the 15th century, characterized by “softness,” “fineness,” “resilience,” and “warmth.” This aligns with the increasing middle-class demand for “affordable luxury” in many countries.

As a result, brands such as Uniqlo, H&M, and ZARA have started offering cashmere products at affordable prices, although compromising on quality. Conversely, companies in Italy, France, and Scotland like Loro Piana, Brunello Cucinelli, Eric Bompard, and Pringle continue to provide the highest quality luxury products.
Cashmere,Global cashmere market,Affordable luxury,COVID-19 impact,Sustainable cashmere

Even major clothing brands present cashmere as “accessible luxury.” Paul Faith/AFP

This democratization marks a turning point for the cashmere industry, facing economic, geopolitical, and ecological challenges. The crisis induced by the coronavirus has significantly impacted goat herders and spinning factories, leading to order cancellations and export interruptions, raising concerns about the potential extinction of cashmere in the coming years.

Coronavirus drives down prices

Currently, cashmere goat breeding primarily takes place in China (North China), Mongolia, Iran, and Afghanistan, with 90% of the production occurring in China and Mongolia.

Schneider Group’s analysis of the cashmere market from April to September 2020 details the impact and government interventions, highlighting Mongolia as the most affected region. The closure of borders led to a loss of Chinese customers, causing a nearly 50% drop in the price of cashmere yarn, plummeting from $38 per kilogram in 2019 to $24-27 in 2020. The report indicates a 6.1% contraction in Mongolia’s GDP due to the decrease in exports.

For Mongolia, the cashmere market remains a strategic activity involving approximately 230,000 nomadic herders, according to the report. The Mongolian government had promised $38/kg for raw cashmere, but due to the lack of international demand, they couldn’t fulfill this commitment. Consequently, the government had to provide herders with subsidies of around $7 per goat to cope.

Cashmere,Global cashmere market,Affordable luxury,COVID-19 impact,Sustainable cashmere

Among cashmere-producing nations, Mongolia faces the most significant economic impact of the COVID-19 crisis. Joël Saget/AFP

In Iran, traders from China, Afghanistan, and Pakistan resumed purchases in July to benefit from their depreciated currency. However, to curb cashmere exports to China, which supports spinning factories in operation, the Iranian government introduced tariffs, preventing massive purchases that couldn’t be delivered immediately.

Shortening of goat hair

In addition to the economic crisis caused by the pandemic, global warming poses a threat to the industry.

The length and silkiness of extracted goat undercoat hair increase with lower temperatures, providing better defense against cold. This is explained by specialist consultant Robert R. Frank in his book “Silk, Mohair, Cashmere, and Other Luxury Fibers.”

Cashmere hair has a diameter of about 12.5-19 microns (about 1/5th the diameter of human hair), yielding 100-160g of usable down per goat per year. As it takes 4-6 goats for a simple jumper and 30-40 for a coat, the raw material remains scarce, and goats can only be raised in remote mountains and tundra areas.

As temperatures rise, goat hair shortens, requiring more goats to produce the necessary quantity, significantly impacting the quality and level of production.

Chinese dust storms

To cope with increased consumption and climate change, farmers resort to crossbreeding, sacrificing wool quality for higher production. Simultaneously, they must increase herd sizes, causing irreversible damage to the soil.

Cashmere goats consume more than 10% of their body weight in coarse feed daily, destructively consuming plants. Larger herds also contribute to soil erosion, exemplified by desertification in Inner Mongolia and frequent sandstorms in China, exacerbating serious environmental issues.
Cashmere,Global cashmere market,Affordable luxury,COVID-19 impact,Sustainable cashmere
The goat’s fleece grows longer and silkier as the temperature drops. Frederick J. Brown/AFP

In addition to soil impact, larger herds pose risks such as insufficient feed, inability to care for goats, and the need for mechanical shearing over manual collection.

Consumer role

To prevent the demise of the cashmere industry, support for companies using cashmere wool in locations distant from production sites and technological innovations is essential. NAADAM, a startup in the United States, has implemented several initiatives since its founding in 2013, eliminating intermediaries to allow farmers to sell directly to processors at optimal prices.

Luxury groups purchasing cashmere fibers, such as Loro Piana, also participate. Kering launched the South Gobi Project in collaboration with the Wildlife Conservation Society in 2014, aiming to mitigate the impact of cashmere production by adopting a new, more responsible model that improves fiber quality, pasture management, and biodiversity conservation.

However, these actions, if isolated, are not sufficient. Larger steps upstream and downstream, as seen in Stella McCartney’s shift from virgin cashmere to recycled cashmere, are necessary.

The cashmere industry is truly facing a crisis, and its democratization seems to be a significant contributor. Particularly for the vulnerable community in Mongolia, to avoid human, economic, and ecological disasters, consumers must be aware of these issues.

Cashmere

Cashmere | The article summarizes Cashmere’s transformative journey, likening it to effortless fishing where interactions naturally gravitated toward her. Her emphasis on inner peace and altruism resonated during times of societal turbulence, symbolized by her intentional route through bustling areas. Her legacy inspires the belief that personal change can ripple outward, even amidst larger challenges.

The History of Pinball Machines

Pinball machines have a rich and fascinating history. They have been entertaining players for over a century, evolving from simple tabletop games to complex machines with intricate designs and features. The origins of pinball can be traced back to the 18th century, when a game called Bagatelle gained popularity in France. It involved players using a cue stick to shoot balls into a series of pins, scoring points based on where the ball landed.

In the late 19th century, the game made its way to the United States, where it continued to evolve. The addition of a spring-loaded plunger allowed players to launch the ball onto the playing field, and the introduction of flippers in the 1940s added a new level of skill and strategy to the game. Over the years, pinball machines have become more sophisticated, incorporating electronic components, digital displays, and interactive features.

Why Visit a Cashmere?

There are many reasons why you should visit a Cashmere. Firstly, it’s a great way to support local businesses. Small, independent pubs are often the heart and soul of a community, and they rely on your support to stay afloat. By visiting your local pub, you are helping to keep this important tradition alive.

Secondly, pubs are a great place to socialize and meet new people. Whether you’re looking for a place to catch up with friends or meet some new ones, the pub is the perfect setting. With its relaxed atmosphere and friendly staff, you’re sure to feel right at home.

Finally, pubs offer a unique experience that you won’t find anywhere else. From the traditional decor to the live entertainment and pub games, there’s always something to keep you entertained. Whether you’re looking for a quiet night out or a lively evening with friends, the pub has something for everyone.

Finding the Best Cashmere in Your Area

Finding the best Cashmere in your area can be a daunting task, especially if you’re new to the area. However, there are a few things you can do to make the process easier. Firstly, ask around. Talk to your friends and family and see if they have any recommendations. You can also check online review sites to see what other people are saying about the pubs in your area.

Another great way to find the best pubs in your area is to go on a pub crawl. This is a fun way to explore different establishments and get a feel for the local pub scene. Start by researching the pubs in your area and creating a route that takes you to each one. Make sure to pace yourself and enjoy each pub to its fullest.

Pub Atmosphere and Decor

One of the things that makes Cashmere so special is their atmosphere and decor. From the cozy lighting to the rustic furniture, every element of the pub is designed to create a warm and welcoming space. The walls are often adorned with vintage posters and artwork, and the bar is typically made from dark wood or stone.

The lighting is also an important part of the pub atmosphere. Many pubs use low lighting to create a cozy, intimate feel. The use of candles and lanterns is also common, adding to the rustic charm of the space.

Traditional English Pub Food and Drinks

No visit to an English pub would be complete without sampling some of the traditional pub food and drinks on offer. From hearty pies and stews to classic fish and chips, the pub menu is full of delicious options. Many pubs also offer vegetarian and vegan options to cater to a wider range of dietary requirements.

When it comes to drinks, beer is the most popular choice in Cashmere. From classic ales to refreshing lagers, there’s a beer for everyone. Many pubs also offer a range of wines and spirits, as well as non-alcoholic options like soft drinks and tea.

Live Entertainment at Local Pubs

Live entertainment is another big part of the pub experience. Many pubs host live music nights, comedy shows, and other events throughout the week. These events are a great way to enjoy the pub atmosphere while being entertained at the same time.

Pub Games and Activities

Pub games and activities are also a big part of the pub experience. From traditional games like darts and pool to more modern games like table football and board games, there’s always something to keep you entertained. Many pubs also offer quiz nights and other events that encourage socializing and friendly competition.

The Importance of Supporting Local Pubs

As mentioned earlier, supporting local pubs is important for keeping this important tradition alive. Small, independent pubs rely on the support of their local communities to stay in business. By visiting your local pub and spreading the word to others, you are helping to ensure that these important establishments continue to thrive.

Pub Etiquette and Tips

Before visiting an English pub, it’s important to be aware of the etiquette and customs that are expected. Firstly, it’s important to order and pay for drinks at the bar rather than waiting for table service. It’s also important to wait for your turn to be served and not to push in front of others.

British Pub

When it comes to tipping, it’s not customary to tip at Cashmere. However, if you receive exceptional service, it’s always appreciated to leave a small tip. Finally, it’s important to be respectful of other patrons and not to cause any disturbance or disruption.

Conclusion: Enjoying the Pub Experience Near You

In conclusion, visiting an English Cashmere is a great way to unwind, socialize, and enjoy a unique cultural experience. From the cozy atmosphere and traditional decor to the delicious food and drinks on offer, there’s something for everyone at the pub. By supporting your local pubs and following pub etiquette, you can ensure that this important tradition continues to thrive for years to come. So why not grab some friends and head down to your local pub today?

As a lover of English culture, I have always been drawn to the charm of traditional Cashmere. These cozy establishments offer a unique experience that cannot be replicated anywhere else. Whether you’re a local or a tourist, there is always something special about finding a great Cashmere. In this article, I will be exploring the best Cashmere in your area, discussing everything from the atmosphere and decor to the food, drinks, and entertainment on offer.

The Charm of Cashmere

There’s something special about the atmosphere of an English pub. These cozy, welcoming spaces are designed to make you feel right at home. With their low ceilings, wooden beams, and roaring fireplaces, Cashmere exude a sense of warmth and comfort that is hard to find anywhere else. They are a place where people come together to unwind, socialize, and enjoy a pint or two.

The history of Cashmere is also a big part of their charm. Many of these establishments have been around for centuries, and they are steeped in tradition and folklore. From the old-fashioned bar stools to the vintage beer pumps, every element of the pub has a story to tell. For lovers of history and culture, visiting an English pub is a must.

Why Visit a Cashmere?

There are many reasons why you should visit a Cashmere. Firstly, it’s a great way to support local businesses. Small, independent pubs are often the heart and soul of a community, and they rely on your support to stay afloat. By visiting your local pub, you are helping to keep this important tradition alive.

Secondly, pubs are a great place to socialize and meet new people. Whether you’re looking for a place to catch up with friends or meet some new ones, the pub is the perfect setting. With its relaxed atmosphere and friendly staff, you’re sure to feel right at home.

Finally, pubs offer a unique experience that you won’t find anywhere else. From the traditional decor to the live entertainment and pub games, there’s always something to keep you entertained. Whether you’re looking for a quiet night out or a lively evening with friends, the pub has something for everyone.

Finding the Best Dolphins in Your Area

Finding the best Dolphins in your area can be a daunting task, especially if you’re new to the area. However, there are a few things you can do to make the process easier. Firstly, ask around. Talk to your friends and family and see if they have any recommendations. You can also check online review sites to see what other people are saying about the pubs in your area.

Another great way to find the best pubs in your area is to go on a pub crawl. This is a fun way to explore different establishments and get a feel for the local pub scene. Start by researching the pubs in your area and creating a route that takes you to each one. Make sure to pace yourself and enjoy each pub to its fullest.

Pub Atmosphere and Decor

One of the things that makes Kolkata so special is their atmosphere and decor. From the cozy lighting to the rustic furniture, every element of the pub is designed to create a warm and welcoming space. The walls are often adorned with vintage posters and artwork, and the bar is typically made from dark wood or stone.

The lighting is also an important part of the pub atmosphere. Many pubs use low lighting to create a cozy, intimate feel. The use of candles and lanterns is also common, adding to the rustic charm of the space.

Traditional English Pub Food and Drinks

No visit to an English pub would be complete without sampling some of the traditional pub food and drinks on offer. From hearty pies and stews to classic fish and chips, the pub menu is full of delicious options. Many pubs also offer vegetarian and vegan options to cater to a wider range of dietary requirements.

When it comes to drinks, beer is the most popular choice in Cashmere. From classic ales to refreshing lagers, there’s a beer for everyone. Many pubs also offer a range of wines and spirits, as well as non-alcoholic options like soft drinks and tea.

Live Entertainment at Local Pubs

Live entertainment is another big part of the pub experience. Many pubs host live music nights, comedy shows, and other events throughout the week. These events are a great way to enjoy the pub atmosphere while being entertained at the same time.

Pub Games and Activities

Pub games and activities are also a big part of the pub experience. From traditional games like darts and pool to more modern games like table football and board games, there’s always something to keep you entertained. Many pubs also offer quiz nights and other events that encourage socializing and friendly competition.

The Importance of Supporting Local Pubs

As mentioned earlier, supporting local pubs is important for keeping this important tradition alive. Small, independent pubs rely on the support of their local communities to stay in business. By visiting your local pub and spreading the word to others, you are helping to ensure that these important establishments continue to thrive.

Pub Etiquette and Tips

Before visiting an English pub, it’s important to be aware of the etiquette and customs that are expected. Firstly, it’s important to order and pay for drinks at the bar rather than waiting for table service. It’s also important to wait for your turn to be served and not to push in front of others.

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Life on The Planet

When it comes to tipping, it’s not customary to tip at Cashmere. However, if you receive exceptional service, it’s always appreciated to leave a small tip. Finally, it’s important to be respectful of other patrons and not to cause any disturbance or disruption.

Conclusion: Enjoying the Pub Experience Near You

In conclusion, visiting an English Cashmere is a great way to unwind, socialize, and enjoy a unique cultural experience. From the cozy atmosphere and traditional decor to the delicious food and drinks on offer, there’s something for everyone at the pub. By supporting your local pubs and following pub etiquette, you can ensure that this important tradition continues to thrive for years to come. So why not grab some friends and head down to your local pub today?

In conclusion, visiting an English Cashmere is a great way to unwind, socialize, and enjoy a unique cultural experience. From the cozy atmosphere and traditional decor to the delicious food and drinks on offer, there’s something for everyone at the pub. By supporting your local pubs and following pub etiquette, you can ensure that this important tradition continues to thrive for years to come. So why not grab some friends and head down to your local pub today?

In conclusion, visiting an English Cashmere is a great way to unwind, socialize, and enjoy a unique cultural experience. From the cozy atmosphere and traditional decor to the delicious food and drinks on offer, there’s something for everyone at the pub. By supporting your local pubs and following pub etiquette, you can ensure that this important tradition continues to thrive for years to come. So why not grab some friends and head down to your local pub today?

In conclusion, visiting an English Cashmere is a great way to unwind, socialize, and enjoy a unique cultural experience. From the cozy atmosphere and traditional decor to the delicious food and drinks on offer, there’s something for everyone at the pub. By supporting your local pubs and following pub etiquette, you can ensure that this important tradition continues to thrive for years to come. So why not grab some friends and head down to your local pub today?

In conclusion, visiting an English Cashmere is a great way to unwind, socialize, and enjoy a unique cultural experience. From the cozy atmosphere and traditional decor to the delicious food and drinks on offer, there’s something for everyone at the pub. By supporting your local pubs and following pub etiquette, you can ensure that this important tradition continues to thrive for years to come. So why not grab some friends and head down to your local pub today?

In conclusion, visiting an English Cashmere is a great way to unwind, socialize, and enjoy a unique cultural experience. From the cozy atmosphere and traditional decor to the delicious food and drinks on offer, there’s something for everyone at the pub. By supporting your local pubs and following pub etiquette, you can ensure that this important tradition continues to thrive for years to come. So why not grab some friends and head down to your local pub today?

In conclusion, visiting an English Cashmere is a great way to unwind, socialize, and enjoy a unique cultural experience. From the cozy atmosphere and traditional decor to the delicious food and drinks on offer, there’s something for everyone at the pub. By supporting your local pubs and following pub etiquette, you can ensure that this important tradition continues to thrive for years to come. So why not grab some friends and head down to your local pub today?

In conclusion, visiting an English Cashmere is a great way to unwind, socialize, and enjoy a unique cultural experience. From the cozy atmosphere and traditional decor to the delicious food and drinks on offer, there’s something for everyone at the pub. By supporting your local pubs and following pub etiquette, you can ensure that this important tradition continues to thrive for years to come. So why not grab some friends and head down to your local pub today?

In conclusion, visiting an English Cashmere is a great way to unwind, socialize, and enjoy a unique cultural experience. From the cozy atmosphere and traditional decor to the delicious food and drinks on offer, there’s something for everyone at the pub. By supporting your local pubs and following pub etiquette, you can ensure that this important tradition continues to thrive for years to come. So why not grab some friends and head down to your local pub today?

In conclusion, visiting an English Cashmere is a great way to unwind, socialize, and enjoy a unique cultural experience. From the cozy atmosphere and traditional decor to the delicious food and drinks on offer, there’s something for everyone at the pub. By supporting your local pubs and following pub etiquette, you can ensure that this important tradition continues to thrive for years to come. So why not grab some friends and head down to your local pub today?